Get PDF The United States Coast Guard in World War II : a history of domestic and overseas actions

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All Coast Guard personnel must be able to jump off a 5-foot platform into a pool, swim meters, and tread water for five minutes. Helicopter Rescue Specialist Search and Rescue Swimmer that has a much more grueling test and training program to qualify with the additional exercises of pullups, underwater swims, buddy tows, and m swims. The MSRT is trained in direct action missions and to be the to be the first response to potential or actual terrorist threats.

Coast Guard personnel work with Assignment Officers to arrange assignments — these individuals are in charge of all assignments for a particular job community and rank rate range. Typically, the factors that involve priority of assignments are the following:. However, some ratings have a sea time requirement for advancement your recruiter should have a list of which ratings require sea time. As well, like the rest of the branches, the Coast Guard has overseas assignments and special assignments such as recruiting.

Just as with the Navy, if you don't want to deploy on ships or submarines, don't join the Coast Guard. Like the Navy, the larger ships are small cities and can deploy overseas.

As with members of the other Reserve Components, Coast Guard men and women are subject to involuntary mobilization under Title 10 for national security contingencies. However, unlike members of the other Reserve Components, Coast Guard Reservists can also be involuntarily mobilized for up to 60 days at a time for domestic contingencies, including natural disasters and terrorist attacks. Coast Guard Enlisted are promoted to E-2 after the completion of boot camp, and while advancement to E-3 is virtually automatic, an E-2 is has certain performance qualifications and nonresident exams required before a recruit is eligible.

In addition, members must have their commanding officer's approval and 6 months time-in-grade TIG or have completed technical training to qualify for E Like the other services, the Coast Guard offers a chance for qualified enlisted sailors to finish college and earn a commission as a Coast Guard Officer.

Home front during World War II - Wikipedia

The advancement programs can change over time as they need more or fewer of different officer specialties. The Balance Careers uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using The Balance Careers, you accept our. In addition, the latter exercised a limited degree of coordination control over all Coast Guard activities in the district. The purpose of this control was to insure effective an harmonious functioning of all district activities.

This coordination control was particularly important in matters connected with harbor defense and port security. Direct administrative authority over all district Coast Guard personnel, with certain notable exceptions, was vested in the Senior Coast Guard Officer. In some districts a Coast Guard officer served as district Captain of the Port while in others a Naval officer served in this capacity. If more than one principal port was embraced within the naval district, or if the naval district limits were exceptionally large, Coast Guard functions normally were further delegated to Section Coast Guard Officers and Assistant Captains of the Port ACOTP.

Extent of Naval District Commandant's Control. On 4 June , late in the war, an important issue was finally resolved. In a letter of this date addressed to all ships and stations, the Secretary of the Navy spelt out command relationships within the naval districts. Official Coast Guard opinion was that a small degree of coordination control over Coast Guard district activities by naval district commandants had been and would continue to be beneficial, if the Coast.

The Coast Guard Commandant iN Washington was authorized to continue exercising these administrative controls. Coast Guard activities, afloat and ashore, had been assigned increased wartime duties and ere in urgent need of additional personnel.

In July , the Coast Guard Commandant promulgated an official policy for the disitribution of personnel. First priority in personnel assignments went to Coast Guard units, afloat and ashore, directly engaged in the prosecution of the war, such as Coast GUard ships assigned to combat areas. Second priority went to the manning of Naval vessels and domestic Coast Guard air stations. The lowest priority went to filling the complements of Coast Guard units performing strictly peacetime duties and units employed in areas not handling shipping to a war zone. Acting as a screening agency, Op 11A reviewed all requests for Coast Guard personnel, and after conferring with Coast Guard Headquarters, approved such requests as would not interfere with the performance of normal Coast Guard duties.

The Coast Guard attained its maximum authorized personnel strength in November By June 30, , the Coast Guard Reserve on active duty, excluding its temporary contingent, had expanded to approximately officers and 28, enlisted men. On June 30, , the Reserve was composed of nearly 8, officers and Detailed statistics for fiscal years , inclusive, are given as follows:.

Social Effects of the War

By th end of the war, the functions of the Temporary Reserve had been greatly expanded and enrollment qualifications were eased, enabling civilians of both sexes to become Temporary Reservists. Expansion o functions and membership was authorized by two Congressional amendments to the Coast Guard Reserve and Auxiliary Act of February A year later, an all-time peak of over 53, Temporary Reservists was reached.

Nearly 49, were engaged in port security duties. Beginning in October , many Temporary Reserve units at the smaller ports were discontinued, but at a few ports Temporary Reservists relived Regular Coastguardsmen and Reserves so that the latter could be used elsewhere. The voluntary, non-military Coast Guard Auxiliary, composed of boat owners and operators, provided an important source of experienced personnel for the Coast Guard Reserve.

In addition to qualifying many of its members for active duty with the Coast Guard, the Auxiliary was used on coastal patrol, rescue, and port security duties. By the end of fiscal , there were approximately 11, members enrolled in some flotillas. The Auxiliary claimed over 57, members as of 30 June ; more than half of these were simultaneously enrolled in the temporary Reserve. By late , however, the Coast Guard Women's Reserve had its own procurement and training facilities.

Vessel and Shore Facilities Expansion. In the early days of the war, when the submarine menace was as its height, the Navy Department placed top priority upon the construction-conversion program of patrol-escort vessels of the types used in the Coast Guard. There was at the time a great shortage in escort vessels. As soon as the U-boat menace was under control, the. This program eclipsed the patrol-escort program. To meet these needs, the Coast Guard expanded its shipbuilding, repair and conversion facilities at the Curtis Bay Yard.

Other shore facilities of the Coast Guard such as supply depots and training stations were also enlarged. The Coast Guard ship and shore facility expansion program was planned and administered by the Headquarters Office of Engineering Division and the Civil Engineering Division, shared the major burden of this expansion program. Th;e Naval Engineering Division was, in many respects comparable to the Navy Department's Bureau of Ships in that it was responsible for ship construction and alterations.

It's subdivisions prepared designs for ships and associated equipment, drew up ship characteristics, procured equipment to be utilized in ship construction and conversion, negotiated contracts with aid from the War Shipping Administration , and performed field inspections on work underway. In prepared plans and specifications, procured equipment to be used in the construction or modification of projects, negotiated contracts, and supervised the work of contractors. From July 1, to August 31, , the Coast Guard added to its floating craft over six thousand vessels of all types.

These were obtained by construction at government yards and shipbuilding plants and by purchases, loans, and leases from private individuals. Between these dates, the Coast Guard's cutter force all types was increased from to hips, and its small boats and other craft from to By the end of fiscal , thirteen cruising cutters, four large icebreakers, and fourteen tender class cutters were under construction.

Nearly five hundred small craft had been completed or were under construction. Up to , the emphasis was on the construction of antisubmarine warfare types. In fiscal , twenty cutters tender class , two harbor cutters, patrol boats 83 foot class , and several hundred small boats were completed.

The following year construction was completed on two icebreakers of special design, 18 buoy tender cutters and seven foot tugs fitted for icebreaking. Three icebreakers, sixteen cutters and numerous small vessels were completed in fiscal Congress approved such acquisitions in July Some vessels were purchased outright, others were leased for the duration. A third group of craft were loaned to the Coast Guard by their owners with stipulation that they would be returned in substantially the same condition as when loaned or that financial compensation would be paid by the government for damage to or total loss of the craft.

Many of the acquired craft had to undergo conversion before assuming patrol duties. The Naval Engineering Division of the Coast Guard prepared plans and procured the necessary equipment to effect these alterations. Curtis Bay Yard at Baltimore was the center of the conversion program, but, of necessity, a major portion of this work was done by contract at private yards.

Coast Guard cutters selected for service with naval forces usually required some alterations to fit them for such duty. On 27 November CNO ordered that, whenever possible, permission should first be obtained from the Coast Guard Commandant before making any permanent changes in Coast Guard vessels. Parallelling the vessel conversion and construction programs Coast Guard shore facilities were also enlarged. To illustrate, two new shipways new administration buildings, barracks, shops, and a floating drydock were provided in fiscal at Curtis Bay.

Simultaneously four training stations three on the East Coast , eight major radio communication stations, and important North Atlantic and Caribbean navigational aids such as radio beacons, buoys and light stations, were established. The following year another large drydock was constructed at the Curtis Bay Yard.

In , mobile construction detachments continued to establish loran stations throughout the Atlantic and Pacific advanced areas. There was, however, close cooperation between Naval District supply offices and district Coast Guard activities.

Electronic equipment was procure from naval and industrial sources in accordance with Bureau of Ships procedures. Repairs of electronic equipment were also accomplished at this facility. Ordnance equipment was loaned on custody receipt to Coast Guard units in accordance with procedures agreed upon by the Bureau of Ordnance and the Coast Guard Office of Operations. Commencing in the spring of , the principle duties of the District Coast Guard Supply Officer were: procurement of supplies excluding clothing and commissary items , maintenance of accounts, supporting statements and records of these procurements, and delivery and distribution of procured supplies.

In July , Congress authorized the Coast Guard to extend the commuted ration principle to messes if operated by a district Mess Treasurer. As late as , large units cutters and Coast Guard stations had had general messes while men of small units foot patrol boats and smaller had been given individual subsistence allowances to provide for. The authorization of commuted ration messes eliminated many inequities inherent in subsistence messes. Commuted ration messes drew subsistence items from naval stores where available.

Changing Roles for Women

However, remote Coast Guard stations and some units without access to naval stores were forced to depend on commercial sources for their supplies. The situation improved for these remote units in June when Army commissary facilities were opened to them on a limited basis.

Coast Guard Investigative Service (CGIS)

I addition certain isolated Coast Guard stations were authorized to establish commissary storehouses. Motorized refrigeration equipment to distribute commissary supplies was also provided. A Commissary Officer under the direction of the Coast Guard District Finance and Supply Officer was directed to: formulate district messing plans, coordinate procurement, delivery, and storage; entr into contracts with local wholesalers, supervise quantity and quality of food served, and maintain liaison with the Army-Navy Marketing Services.

Additionally, when so designated, he was to act as District Mess Treasurer.